Effect of calcium on solution and conformational characteristics of polysaccharide from seeds of Plantago asiatica L.
Yin, J.-Y., Nie, S-P., Guo, Q., Wang, Q., Cui, S.W., and Xie, M-Y. (2015). "Effect of calcium on solution and conformational characteristics of polysaccharide from seeds of Plantago asiatica L.", Carbohydrate Polymers, 124(Article number 9687), pp. 331-336. doi : 10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.02.017 Access to full text
Polysaccharide from seeds of Plantago asiatica L. is rich in calcium, which is important for keeping viscous and weak gelling properties of the polysaccharide. However, few studies reported effect of calcium on solution and conformational characteristics of the polysaccharide. In this study, polysaccharide was prepared from seeds of P. asiatica L. and named as PLCP. PLCP was treated with EDTA to remove calcium ion to get PLCP-E. PLCP and PLCP-E were characterized by Ubbelohde capillary viscometer, light scattering and HPSEC with refractive index, light scattering and viscometric detectors. The results showed that PLCP had much higher intrinsic viscosity, hydrodynamic radius (Rh), radius of gyration (Rg) and molecular weight than that of PLCP-E when measured in the same solvent. PLCP and PLCP-E were in random coil conformation in aqueous solutions according to light scattering and HPSEC measurements. HPSEC data showed PLCP-E had lower intrinsic viscosity than that of PLCP with the same molecular weight. Persistence length of Lp was 2.5 nm for PLCP and 2.3 nm for PLCP-E, respectively. In conclusion, PLCP exhibited higher intrinsic viscosity and molecular weight, and stiffer conformation than that of PLCP-E, which could explain the reason of higher viscosity of PLCP.
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