Effect of long-term fertilization on free-living nematode community structure in Mollisols.

Pan, F.J., Han, X.Z., McLaughlin, N.B., Han, X., Li, C., Zhao, D., Zhan, L.-L., and Xu, Y.L. (2015). "Effect of long-term fertilization on free-living nematode community structure in Mollisols.", Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 15(1), pp. 129-141. doi : 10.4067/S0718-95162015005000011  Access to full text

Abstract

The influence of long-term application of pig manure combined with chemical fertilizer (MCF) or chemical fertilizer (CF) on free-living nematodes was evaluated in this study. The application model of fertilizers lasted 14 years in Mollisols, and treatments included MCF, CF and no fertilizer (NF). A total of 26 free-living nematode genera belonging to seven functional guilds were found in maize fields, and the community structure of free-living nematodes was different in MCF, CF and NF. Pig manure increased the abundance of bacterivores, especially those belonging to c-p1 (Ba1) and c-p2 (Ba2) guilds. Channel index (CI) was higher in NF than in MCF and CF, but enrichment index (EI) was higher in MCF and CF compared to NF. The structure index (SI) was highest in NF among three treatments. Total bacterivores, Ba1 and Ba2 guilds were positively correlated to organic C, total N, available N, total P and available P, but fungivores only had correlation with organic C and soil moisture. The SI index was negatively related to organic C, total N, available N, total P and available P. Collectively, these results indicate that the pig manure or chemical fertilizer normally applied to increase soil nutrition also induce negative influence on soil food web structure as reflected from biological aspect, and that soil nematodes can enhance agroecological assessments of changes induced by long-term fertilizer application in maize field in Mollisols.

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