Carbon nanotube-cyclodextrin adducts for electrochemical recognition of tartaric acid.
Wang, N., Chang, P.R., Zheng, P., and Ma, X. (2015). "Carbon nanotube-cyclodextrin adducts for electrochemical recognition of tartaric acid.", Diamond and Related Materials, 55(Article number 6391), pp. 117-122. doi : 10.1016/j.diamond.2015.03.017 Access to full text
Since β-Cyclodextrin (CD) is the chiral selector, and carbon nanotube (CNT) is a good adsorbent and a good conductor for electron transfer, CD was covalently attached on CNT during the reduction of oxidized CNT with hydrazine hydrate for electrochemical recognition of the chiral enantiomers. The obtained CNT–CD could disperse well in water because of the hydrophilic groups from CD. A modified electrode — composed of CNT–CD, methylene blue (MB), and a glassy carbon electrode (GCE), was designed for electrochemical recognition of chiral tartaric acid (TA). Since β-CD selectively holds L-TA, this stable complex inhibited electron transfer and linearly decreased the redox current of MB. The concentrations of L-TA or D-TA in aqueous solution could be estimated from the linear equation between the difference of the redox peak current (ΔI) and the concentration, and the enantiomeric ratio of L-TA in TA samples could be calculated by determining ΔI because of the linear relationship, ΔI (μA) = 0.068 × (L-TA ratio × 100%) + 8.2.
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