Detection and identification of selected cereal rust pathogens by TaqMan® real-time PCR.

Liu, M., McCabe, E., Chapados, J.T., Carey, J., Wilson, S.K., Tropiano, R., Redhead, S.A., Lévesque, C.A., and Hambleton, S. (2015). "Detection and identification of selected cereal rust pathogens by TaqMan® real-time PCR.", Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 37(1), pp. 92-105. doi : 10.1080/07060661.2014.999123  Access to full text

Abstract

The rust species Puccinia graminis and P. striiformis sensu strictoare important cereal pathogens, most well-known for causing the diseases stem rust and stripe rust on wheat and generating significant yield losses. Early and accurate detection of the pathogens would facilitate effective control of the diseases. In the present study, we developed real-time PCR assays to detect the specific lineages that include the wheat pathogens for each species complex, as identified using multi-gene DNA sequence analyses. Four DNA loci, for a comprehensive set of target and closely related fungi collected from diverse hosts and geographic regions, were explored to search for suitable lineage-specific probes: β-tubulin (BT), cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI), rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS), and RNA polymerase II second largest subunit (RPB2). Four TaqMan® real-time PCR assays were designed based on either the BT or RPB2 genes: one targeting Puccinia Series Striiformis (PSBT), one targeting P. striiformis sensu stricto (PSstrRPB2), and two targeting the P. graminis lineages on wheat (Pg2+BT and Pg2RPB2). Sensitivities of the assays were determined to be 0.65 pg µL-1 (Pg2) and 5 pg µL-1 (PS). Specificity of each assay was confirmed using a broad diversity of rusts and other selected wheat-associated fungi. The ITS and COI loci were found to be unsuitable for diagnostic assay development but contributed phylogenetic signal to the multi-gene analyses.

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