Biology, Ecology, and Management of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae).
Rice, K.B., Bergh, C.J., Bergmann, E.J., Biddinger, D., Dieckhoff, C., Dively, G., Fraser, H.M., Gariepy, T.D., Hamilton, G., and Haye, T. (2014). "Biology, Ecology, and Management of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae).", Journal of Integrated Pest Management, 5(3), pp. A1-A13. doi : 10.1603/IPM14002 Access to full text
Brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys Stål, is an invasive, herbivorous insect species that was accidentally introduced to the United States from Asia. First discovered in Allentown, PA, in 1996, Halyomorpha halys has now been reported from at least 40 states in the United States. Additional invasions have been detected in Canada, Switzerland, France, Germany, Italy, and Lichtenstein, suggesting this invasive species could emerge as a cosmopolitan pest species. In its native range, Halyomorpha halys is classified as an outbreak pest; however, in North America, Halyomorpha halys has become a major agricultural pest across a wide range of commodities. Halyomorpha halys is a generalist herbivore, capable of consuming >100 different species of host plants, often resulting in substantial economic damage; its feeding damage resulted in US$37 million of losses in apple in 2010, but this stink bug species also attacks other fruit, vegetable, field crop, and ornamental plant species. Halyomorpha halys has disrupted integrated pest management programs for multiple cropping systems. Pesticide applications, including broad-spectrum insecticides, have increased in response to Halyomorpha halysinfestations, potentially negatively influencing populations of beneficial arthropods and increasing secondary pest outbreaks. Halyomorpha halys is also challenging because it affects homeowners as a nuisance pest; the bug tends to overwinter in homes and outbuildings. Although more research is required to better understand the ecology and biology of Halyomorpha halys, we present its life history, host plant damage, and the management options available for this invasive pest species.
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