Candidate Genes Expressed in Tolerant Common Wheat With Resistant to English Grain Aphid.

Luo, K., Zhang, G., Wang, C., Ouellet, T., Wu, J., Zhu, Q., and Zhao, H. (2014). "Candidate Genes Expressed in Tolerant Common Wheat With Resistant to English Grain Aphid.", Journal of Economic Entomology, 107(5), pp. 1977-1984. doi : 10.1603/EC14112  Access to full text

Abstract

The English grain aphid, Sitobion avenae (F.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is a common worldwide pest of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The use of improved resistant cultivars by the farmers is the most effective and environmentally friendly method to control this aphid in the field. The winter wheat genotypes 98-10-35 and Amigo are resistant to S. avenae . To identify genes responsible for resistance to S. avenae in these genotypes, differential-display reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to identify the corresponding differentially expressed sequences in current study. Two backcross progenies were obtained by crossing the two resistant genotypes with the susceptible genotype 1376. Six potential expected-differential bands were sequenced. Lengths of the expressed sequence tags ranged from 128 to 532 bp. Although these expressed sequences were likely associated with S. avenae resistance, there was one expressed sequence tag located on 7DL chromosome, and its potential function may associate with the ability to maintain photosynthesis in wheat. That serves as an active way for tolerant common wheat with resistant to S. avenae . Cloning the full length of these sequences would help us thoroughly understand the mechanism of wheat resistance to S. avenae and be valuable for breeding cultivars with S. avenae resistance.

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