Relative Nitrogen Fertilizer Requirements of Forage Versus Grain for Barley and Oat.

Malhi, S.S., Berkenkamp, W.B., and McBeath, D.K. (2014). "Relative Nitrogen Fertilizer Requirements of Forage Versus Grain for Barley and Oat.", Journal of Plant Nutrition, 37(9), pp. 1514-1521. doi : 10.1080/01904167.2014.907422  Access to full text

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted at 15 site-years with barley and 10 site-years with oat over five years to determine the relative nitrogen (N) fertilizer requirements of forage versus grain for barley and oat on Black Chernozem (Typic Agricryoll – 6 site-years on barley and 3 site-years on oat) and Gray Luvisol (Typic Haplocryalf – 9 site-years on barley and 7 site-years on oat) soils in central and north-central Alberta, Canada. Barley harvested for forage responded to higher level of applied N than when it was harvested for grain at most site-years. On average for barley, the amount of N fertilizer required to achieve maximum yield of forage was 58 kg N ha1 greater than that of grain, and also was somewhat greater on Black Chernozem soils than on Gray Luvisol soils. The results for oat were inconclusive, with almost equal numbers of site-years showed higher N requirements for grain as for forage.

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