Effect of a short-time germination process on the nutrient composition, microbial counts and bread-making potential of whole flaxseed.
Villeneuve, S., Power, K.A., Guévremont, É., Mondor, M., Tsao, R., Wanasundara, J.P.D., Zarepoor, L., and Mercier, S. (2015). "Effect of a short-time germination process on the nutrient composition, microbial counts and bread-making potential of whole flaxseed.", Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 39(6), pp. 1574-1586. doi : 10.1111/jfpp.12385 Access to full text
The aim of this work was to investigate the germination process of whole flaxseed and its application in food matrices. Microbial counts, nutrient composition, dough mixing properties and bread-making potential of raw and germinated whole flaxseed were compared. A germination process of 1 day at 20C led to an improvement in the nutrient composition. Fatty acid profiles of whole flaxseed remained unchanged. Antioxidant capacity increased from 210 to 442 μmol Trolox equivalent/g dry matter, lignans from 12.4 to 13.7 mg/g dry matter and free essential amino acids from 115 to 331 μg/100 g dry matter. The flour processed from germinated whole flaxseed had little impact on dough mixing properties and showed good bread-making potential. Increases in the population of lactic acid bacteria (from 2.06 to 5.71 log cfu/g), Enterobacteriaceae (from 3.57 to 5.60 log cfu/g), and yeast and mold (from 2.41 to 5.43 log cfu/g) were observed after the germination process. Practical Applications: Germination (or malting) is a well-known process in the barley industry and is mainly dedicated to brewing purposes. In parallel, the germination of grains is recognized to improve their nutritional value while presenting some concerns in terms of microbiological stability. The present work aimed to apply a structured germination process to whole flaxseed in order to produce flours that could be successfully used as an ingredient in food matrix formulation. Our results will help manufacturer and scientist to improve their understanding of the impact of germination process on whole flaxseed nutrient composition and of the importance of controlling microbiological growth. Ultimately, this could lead to the marketing of added-value whole flaxseed ingredients.
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