Codon-based phylogenetics introduces novel flagellar gene markers to oomycete systematics.

Robideau, G.P., Rodrigue, N., and Lévesque, C.A. (2014). "Codon-based phylogenetics introduces novel flagellar gene markers to oomycete systematics.", Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 79(1), pp. 279-291. doi : 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.04.009  Access to full text


Oomycete systematics has traditionally been reliant on ribosomal RNA and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase sequences. Here we report the use of two single-copy protein-coding flagellar genes, PF16 and OCM1, in oomycete systematics, showing their utility in phylogenetic reconstruction and species identification. Applying a recently proposed mutation-selection model of codon substitution, the phylogenetic relationships inferred by flagellar genes are largely in agreement with the current views of oomycete evolution, whereas nucleotide- and amino acid-level models produce biologically implausible reconstructions. Interesting parallels exist between the phylogeny inferred from the flagellar genes and zoospore ontology, providing external support for the tree obtained using the codon model. The resolution achieved for species identification is ample using PF16, and quite robust using OCM1, and the described PCR primers are able to amplify both genes for a range of oomycete genera. Altogether, when analyzed with a rich codon substitution model, these flagellar genes provide useful markers for the oomycete molecular toolbox.

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