Molecular marker-assisted breeding for improved Ogura cms restorer line (RfoRfo) and mapping of the restorer gene (Rfo) in Brassica juncea.

Tian, E., Roslinsky, V., and Cheng, B.F. (2014). "Molecular marker-assisted breeding for improved Ogura cms restorer line (RfoRfo) and mapping of the restorer gene (Rfo) in Brassica juncea.", Molecular Breeding, 34(3), pp. 1361-1371. doi : 10.1007/s11032-014-0121-4  Access to full text

Abstract

Developing a fully functional hybrid system is a must for hybrid breeding in Brassica juncea. The B. napus Ogura cms hybrid system was transferred into B. juncea by the researchers at INRA, France. The B. juncea restorer (R) line (RfoRfo) exhibited poor vigor, low fertility and was black-seeded due to linkage drag. Our studies indicated that the Rfo gene in B. juncea R line was linked to the 5 C9 markers of B. napus (sN3553F, sS2285, sN3841, sN12905 and At5g58730) and 4 radish markers (At3g27100, At5g25080, At4g13720 and At5g06240) in addition to the 6 radish markers reported before (ScH03, ScA14, OPF3, BolJon, CAB and PGIint). These markers were used to screen for improved restorer plants in the three crosses of B. juncea restorer plant O39-16 (Rforf) × condiment var. Cutlass, O39-16 (Rforf) × canola B. juncea line C668 and O39-16 (Rforf) × resynthesized B. juncea line 15043. One improved homozygous R line VR441 (RfoRfo) with only 1 C9 marker sN12905 and 2 radish markers ScH03 and BolJon was successfully developed via marker-assisted selection in the cross O39-16 × 15043. VR441 had good seed-setting (average: 14.3 seeds/pod), strong growth vigor and was yellow-seeded. Linkage mapping revealed that the Rfo gene was introgressed into chromosome 9 of the A genome in B. juncea. The development of the improved R line VR441 has made the Ogura cms hybrid system fully functional in B. juncea. We are currently using the improved system for developing high yielding hybrid varieties in condiment and canola B. juncea.

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