Temperature-dependent symptom recovery in Nicotiana benthamiana plants infected with tomato ringspot virus is associated with reduced translation of viral RNA2 and requires ARGONAUTE 1.

Ghoshal, B. and Sanfaçon, H. (2014). "Temperature-dependent symptom recovery in Nicotiana benthamiana plants infected with tomato ringspot virus is associated with reduced translation of viral RNA2 and requires ARGONAUTE 1.", Virology, 456-457(1), pp. 188-197. doi : 10.1016/j.virol.2014.03.026  Access to full text

Abstract

Symptom recovery in nepovirus-infected plants has been attributed to the induction of RNA silencing. However, recovery is not always accompanied with viral RNA clearance. In this study, we show that recovery of Nicotiana benthamiana plants infected with the tomato ringspot virus (ToRSV) is associated with a reduction of the steady-state levels of RNA2-encoded coat protein (CP) and movement protein but not of RNA2. In vivo labeling experiments revealed efficient synthesis of the CP early in infection, but reduced RNA2 translation later in infection. Silencing of Argonaute1-like (Ago1) genes prevented both symptom recovery and RNA2 translation repression. Similarly, growing the plants at lower temperature (21 °C rather than 27 °C) alleviated the recovery and the translation repression. Taken together, our results suggest that recovery of ToRSV-infected plants is associated with an Ago1-dependent mechanism that represses the translation of viral RNA2.

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