The role of primary and secondary infection in initiation of resistance to Plasmodiophora brassicae.

McDonald, M.R., Sharma, K., Gossen, B.D., Deora, A.D., Feng, J., and Hwang, S.F. (2014). "The role of primary and secondary infection in initiation of resistance to Plasmodiophora brassicae.", Phytopathology, 104(10), pp. 1078-1087.

Abstract

The disease cycle of Plasmodiophora brassicae consists of a primary phase in root hairs followed by a secondary phase in the root cortex and adjacent tissues. However, the role of root hair infection in subsequent cortical infection and development of P. brassicae is not well understood. To examine the role of the primary and secondary stages separately, inoculation studies with resting spores (source of primary zoospores) and secondary zoospores of a virulent and avirulent pathotype were conducted on canola (Brassica napus). The size of secondary zoospores and number of nuclei were also examined. The zoospores were larger (~9.6-14.4 µm) than in previous reports and all were uni-nucleate. Inoculation with secondary zoospores alone produced both primary and secondary infection, even with the avirulent pathotype. No symptoms developed from inoculation with avirulent primary zoospores, but tiny, bead-shaped clubs developed from inoculation with avirulent secondary zoospores. Inoculation with virulent secondary zoospores alone resulted in lower disease severity than inoculation with virulent resting spores alone. The results indicate that recognition of infection by the host, and initiation of a response (induction or suppression of resistance) occurs during primary infection, although recognition can also occur during cortical infection and development.

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