Potato MYB and bHLH transcription factors associated with anthocyanin intensity and common scab resistance.

Tai, H.H., Goyer, C., and Murphy, A.M. (2013). "Potato MYB and bHLH transcription factors associated with anthocyanin intensity and common scab resistance.", Botany, 91(10), pp. 722-730. doi : 10.1139/cjb-2012-0025  Access to full text

Abstract

MYB and bHLH are large transcription factor families with largely uncharacterized biological functions. The patterns of expression of 42 MYB and 58 bHLH transcription factor genes were examined in potato clones that were demonstrated to have variation in anthocyanin intensity and common scab resistance to assess their possible involvement in regulating these traits. The control of expression of biosynthetic enzymes in regulation of anthocyanin intensity was also evaluated. The dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) gene, a key enzyme in the pathway, had the highest correlation with gene expression and anthocyanin intensity (quantified as levels of anthocyanidins). Expression of five uncharacterized MYB and three bHLH genes was also highly correlated with anthocyanin intensity, suggesting that they could be regulators of biosynthetic enzyme gene expression. The same potato clones were also demonstrated to have variation in resistance to Streptomyces scabiei, the causal pathogen of common scab in potato. Correlation analysis was used to show that anthocyanin intensity was not associated with common scab resistance. However, common scab resistance was correlated with expression of another two MYB and three bHLH genes, indicating that they might be involved in the regulation of the defense response of potato against the common scab pathogen.

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