Reassessment of Paleotachina Townsend and Electrotachina Townsend and their removal from the Tachinidae (Diptera).

O'Hara, J.E., Raper, C.M., Pont, A.C., and Whitmore, D. (2013). "Reassessment of Paleotachina Townsend and Electrotachina Townsend and their removal from the Tachinidae (Diptera).", ZooKeys, 361, pp. 27-36. doi : 10.3897/zookeys.361.6448  Access to full text

Abstract

The monotypic genera Paleotachina Townsend, 1921 and Electrotachina Townsend, 1938 were originally described as fossils in amber but were later discovered to be inclusions in copal. Both taxa were originally assigned to the Tachinidae (Diptera) and this placement has continued to the present day. The holotypes of the two type species, P. smithii Townsend and E. smithii Townsend, were examined and the following taxonomic and nomenclatural changes are proposed: Paleotachina is transferred to the Muscidae and placed in synonymy with Aethiopomyia Malloch, 1921, syn. n.; P. smithii Townsend, type species of Paleotachina, is synonymized with Aethiopomyia gigas (Stein, 1906), syn. n.; Electrotachina is transferred to the Sarcophagidae and placed in synonymy with Dolichotachina Villeneuve, 1913, syn. n.; E. smithii Townsend, type species of Electrotachina, is recognized as a valid species of Dolichotachina comb. n. Images of the holotypes of P. smithii and E. smithii are provided and features that have helped place these copal inclusions in their new combinations are discussed.

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