Laboratory and field evaluations of the susceptibility of immature Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae).
Cossentine, J.E. (2013). "Laboratory and field evaluations of the susceptibility of immature Choristoneura rosaceana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae).", Biocontrol Science and Technology, 23(4), pp. 396-408. doi : 10.1080/09583157.2013.763905 Access to full text
The susceptibility of immature Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris) to Beauveria bassiana-GHA (BotaniGard® 22WP) was evaluated under laboratory and field conditions. Although egg masses ≤24 h old were susceptible to infection by topically sprayed B. bassiana spores in the laboratory and resulting mycosis significantly reduced the percent of neonates able to emerge, no significant egg mass infections resulted from orchard treatment of ≤24–48 h eggs. Exposure to high levels of the B. bassiana product on apple leaf surfaces in the laboratory caused significant dose-related mortality in first to fourth instar C. rosaceana. First instar C. rosaceana were the most susceptible of the larval stages assayed in the laboratory although only 36% of neonates introduced into the orchard prior to Beauveria treatment and 27% of the neonates emerging from orchard treated egg masses became infected. Fourth instar mortalities were similar but moderate when treated with 1×108 spores mL−1 in the orchard and on leaf surfaces in the laboratory. Beauveria bassiana-induced larval mortalities were significantly higher when the spores were applied directly to the larval integument as opposed to the leaf surface where the insect would encounter the pathogen in a treated orchard. Feeding of C. rosaceana larvae on antibiotic containing meridic diet prior to their use in trials did not impact the susceptibility of the larvae to B. bassiana. Antibiotic containing meridic diet significantly reduced larval C. rosaceana mortality when treated larvae or the spores were placed directly on the diet as opposed to leaf tissue.
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