Metabolism of glutathione and ascorbate in lingonberry cultivars during in vitro and ex vitro propagation.
Vyas, P., Debnath, S.C., and Igamberdiev, A.U. (2013). "Metabolism of glutathione and ascorbate in lingonberry cultivars during in vitro and ex vitro propagation.", Biologia Plantarum, 57(4), pp. 603-612. doi : 10.1007/s10535-013-0339-8 Access to full text
Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. ssp. vitis-idaea Britton) cultivars Regal, Splendor, and Erntedank were obtained by conventional softwood cuttings (taken as a control), by in vitro shoot proliferation of node explants, and by adventitious shoot regeneration from excised leaves of micropropagated shoots. In the plants propagated in vitro, the total ascorbate content increased and its pool was more oxidized, the total glutathione content also increased but its pool became more reduced. The leaves of plants obtained from the in vitro culture showed significantly higher antioxidant enzyme activities except for dehydroascorbate reductase which was at a similar level in all plants. Total soluble phenolics, tannins, and flavonoids were enhanced in fruits of in vitro-propagated plants whereas in leaves, the levels of these metabolites (except flavonoids) were higher in ex vitro derived plants. The total radical scavenging capacity was enhanced in berries of the in vitro propagated plants. It is suggested that the active morphogenetic process, characterized by intensive formation and scavenging reactive oxygen species is reflected in the activities of antioxidant enzymes and metabolites. The reduction potential of glutathione is the most important parameter which determines patterns of growth and differentiation in the investigated plants.
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