Reduction of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104 infection in experimentally-challenged weaned pigs fed a Lactobacillus-fermented feed.

Yin, F.G., Farzan, A., Wang, Q.C., Yu, H., Yin, Y.L., Hou, Y.Q., Friendship, R.M., and Gong, J. (2014). "Reduction of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104 infection in experimentally-challenged weaned pigs fed a Lactobacillus-fermented feed.", Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, 11(8), pp. 628-634. doi : 10.1089/fpd.2013.1676  Access to full text

Abstract

Salmonella Typhimurium is a foodborne pathogen and commonly present on pig farms. Probiotics have shown potential as a means of reducing Salmonella shedding in pigs. Three experimental challenge trials were conducted to investigate the potential application of newly isolated Lactobacillus isolates for controlling Salmonella infection in pigs. In each trial, 16 Yorkshire piglets (28-d old) were randomly allocated to 1 of 4 dietary treatments: (1) basal diet (BD), (2) naturally fermented (NF) feed, (3) Lactobacillus zeae–fermented (LZ-F) feed, and 4) Lactobacillus casei-fermented (LC-F) feed. All pigs consumed their assigned diets for 3 d prior to the challenge of SalmonellaTyphimurium DT104 (approximately 6 log colony-forming units/pig) through gavage. Pediococcus pentosaceus, L. zeae, and L. casei were most abundant in NF, LZ-F, and LC-F feed, respectively. After the challenge, pigs on fermented feed had lower rectal temperature, diarrhea scores, serum haptoglobin concentrations, and intestinalSalmonella counts than the control group (BD) (p≤0.01). Salmonella spp. were detected in both ileocecal lymph nodes (ICLN) and spleens from all pigs on BD, NF, and LC-F, but only 50% of spleens from pigs on LZ-F. Pigs had a dynamic spatial and temporal immune response to Salmonella infection and dietary treatments, as indicated by up- and downregulation in gene expression of inflammatory cytokines (interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis factor) in the ileum, ICLN, and spleen. The alternation in cytokine expression by fermented feed, particularly LZ-F, appeared to benefit pigs in combating Salmonella infection.

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