Analysis of trimethoprim, lincomycin, sulfadoxin and tylosin using Laser Diode Thermal Desorption Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry.

Solliec, D.M., Massé, D.I., and Sauvé, S. (2014). "Analysis of trimethoprim, lincomycin, sulfadoxin and tylosin using Laser Diode Thermal Desorption Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry.", Talanta, 128, pp. 23-30. doi : 10.1016/j.talanta.2014.04.023  Access to full text

Abstract

A new extraction method coupled to a high throughput sample analysis technique was developed for the determination of four veterinary antibiotics. The analytes belong to different groups of antibiotics such as chemotherapeutics, sulfonamides, lincosamides and macrolides. Trimethoprim (TMP), sulfadoxin (SFX), lincomycin (LCM) and tylosin (TYL) were extracted from lyophilized manure using a sonication extraction. McIlvaine buffer and methanol (MeOH) were used as extraction buffers, followed by cation-exchange solid phase extraction (SPE) for clean-up. Analysis was performed by laser diode thermal desorption-atmospheric pressure chemical-ionization (LDTD-APCI) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) with selected reaction monitoring (SRM) detection. The LDTD is a high throughput sample introduction method that reduces total analysis time to less than 15 s per sample, compared to minutes when using traditional liquid chromatography (LC). Various SPE parameters were optimized after sample extraction: the stationary phase, the extraction solvent composition, the quantity of sample extracted and sample pH. LDTD parameters were also optimized: solvent deposition, carrier gas, laser power and corona discharge. The method limit of detection (MLD) ranged from 2.5 to 8.3 µg kg1 while the method limit of quantification (MLQ) ranged from 8.3 to 28 µg kg1. Calibration curves in the manure matrix showed good linearity (R2≥0.996) for all analytes and the interday and intraday coefficients of variation were below 14%. Recoveries of analytes from manure ranged from 53% to 69%. The method was successfully applied to real manure samples.

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