Discrimination Between Mesophilic and Psychrotolerant Strains in the Bacillus cereus Group Based on the PstI Digestion of the pycA Gene.

Soufiane, B. and Côté, J.-C. (2013). "Discrimination Between Mesophilic and Psychrotolerant Strains in the Bacillus cereus Group Based on the PstI Digestion of the pycA Gene.", Current Microbiology, 67(2), pp. 148-155. doi : 10.1007/s00284-013-0339-0  Access to full text

Abstract

A simple and rapid assay for the detection of Bacillus weihenstephanensis isolates and other psychrotolerant strains in the Bacillus cereus group was developed. It is based on the presence of a nucleotide substitution at position 795 on the housekeeping pycA gene in all B. weihenstephanensis strains. This mutation creates a PstI recognition site. It is absent in mesophilic strains in the B. cereus group. The pycA gene is amplified by PCR and the amplicons submitted to PstI digestions. In mesophilic strains, a single band of 1,718 bp in length is visualised on an agarose gel. In B. weihenstephanensis strains and in all other psychrotolerant strains from the B. cereus group, the amplicons are cleaved and two bands of 1,175 and 543 bp, respectively, are visualised. This method could be used for the screening of B. cereus collections and for the identification of psychrotolerant and mesophilic isolates from different environments.

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