Characterization of Canadian grade standards and lean yield prediction for cows.

Rodas-González, A.R., Juárez, M., Robertson, W.M., Larsen, I.L., and Aalhus, J.L. (2013). "Characterization of Canadian grade standards and lean yield prediction for cows.", Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 93(1), pp. 99-107. doi : 10.4141/cjas2012-091  Access to full text


Commercial carcasses (n=120) were selected to benchmark the current Canadian grading system for cows (D1, D2, D3, D4;>50% ossification) in comparison to A/AA grades youthful carcasses [over (OTM) and under (UTM) 30 mo of age based on dentition but <50% ossification]. With the exception of the D3 and D4 grades, D1 and D2 carcass grades had similar carcass yield attributes compared with OTM and UTM carcasses; however, rib-eye area from UTM carcasses was the largest (P<0.05), followed by D1, D2 and OTM. As expected, both OTM and UTM grades had lower ossification scores (P<0.05); however, D4 grade showed the highest marbling score (P<0.05). For carcass composition, compared with all other grades, the D3 grade had the highest proportion of lean (P<0.05) due to a lower proportion of dissectible fat (P<0.05); however, it had the lightest carcass weight (P<0.05). Using simple measures of carcass characteristics (grade fat, rib-eye area, marbling and ossification) a prediction equation to estimate lean yield (R 2=0.825; Cp=4.31) could be used to more accurately assess carcass value in cows; however, validation of the equation on a separate population would be required before its application.

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