Emulsifying properties of soy whey protein isolate-fenugreek gum conjugates in oil-in-water emulsion model system.
Kasran, M., Cui, S.W., and Goff, H.D. (2013). "Emulsifying properties of soy whey protein isolate-fenugreek gum conjugates in oil-in-water emulsion model system.", Food Hydrocolloids, 30(2), pp. 691-697. doi : 10.1016/j.foodhyd.2012.09.002 Access to full text
Soy whey protein isolate (SWPI)-fenugreek gum conjugates were prepared by Maillard type reactions in a controlled dry state condition (60 °C, 75% relative humidity for 3 days) to improve emulsification properties. SDS-PAGE electropherogram showed that conjugation formed high molecular weight products with the disappearance of 7S fraction, acidic subunits of the 11S fractions and protein band at molecular weight 21 and 24 kDa. However, the amount of protein at molecular weight 30 kDa remained unchanged. The protein solubility of SWPI–fenugreek gum conjugates improved as compared to SWPI and SWPI–fenugreek gum non-conjugated mixture especially at isoelectric point of protein when assessed in the pH range 3-8 at 22 °C. In comparison to SWPI, fenugreek gum and non-conjugated SWPI–fenugreek gum, SWPI-fenugreek gum conjugates had better emulsifying properties near the isoelectric pH of protein. Emulsification at near the isoelectric pH of protein was chosen as at this pH the proteins are prone to aggregate, which could destabilize the emulsion. Heating solutions of the conjugates prior to emulsification further improved their emulsification properties. The conjugates also showed a better emulsifying property at high salt concentration as compared to SWPI alone.
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