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Effect of supplementation of beef steer diets with oil containing n6 and n3 fatty acids and 48h feed withdrawal treatments on plasma hormone profiles and adipose tissue cellularity

Mir, P.S., He, M.L., Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K., Sharma, R., Brown, F.A., Travis, G., Entz, T., Lemieux, R.O., Dugan, M.E.R., Okine, E., Dodson, M.V. (2012). Effect of supplementation of beef steer diets with oil containing n6 and n3 fatty acids and 48h feed withdrawal treatments on plasma hormone profiles and adipose tissue cellularity, 146(2-3), 140-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2012.03.001

Abstract

A 2×3 factorial experiment was conducted with 72 weanling, crossbred steers (with Hereford, Angus and Charolais genetics and initial BW of 280.5±5.8kg) with the objective of determining the effect of dietary and feed withdrawal (FW) treatments on plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, growth hormone (GH) and leptin and on intramuscular and subcutaneous (SQ) adipose cellularity. Supplementation was a 50/50 mixture of flax and sunflower oil at 5% of diet (OIL) versus a control (CON; without oil) diet, which were the dietary treatments and were applied to steers experiencing three feed withdrawal (FW) treatments. The FW treatments were no FW, a single 48h FW (FW×1) before initiation of fattening at one year of age or 48h FW at 8week intervals from weaning to initiation of fattening (FW×4). Plasma was harvested from jugular blood collected from all steers after each FW and samples of pars costalis diaphgramatis (PCD) muscle and SQ from the brisket were collected from the steers at slaughter for adipocyte enumeration. Cell number was determined by computerized image enumeration and electronically by a particle counter. Plasma concentrations of glucose and hormones responded to age of steers at the time of sample procurement (P=0.001-0.053), and a diet×FW interaction (P=0.015) was observed for insulin, because steers fed the OIL diet in the FW×4 treatment had lower insulin concentrations than of those in the other FW treatments. Concentrations of growth hormone (GH) decreased (P=0.028) due to FW from 7.17±1.02ng/mL in steers in the no FW treatment to 5.04±0.78 and 5.46±1.22ng/mL for steers in FW×1 and FW×4 treatments, respectively. Leptin concentrations were unaffected by diet or FW treatment. The relationship for cells enumerated by the particle counter versus the Motic computer program was significant (P=0.01) for both PCD and SQ fat with r 2 values of 0.55 and 0.24, respectively, for total cells of diameters from 30 to 300μm. Number of adipocytes with diameters from 80 to 140μm in the PCD were greater (P=0.038 and 0.028) in OIL than in CON fed steers. The percent of total number of cells in the 30-60μm diameter range in the PCD were greater in steers in FW×1 and FW×4 than in no FW treatments when counted by either method. Provision of dietary oil and FW treatments had no effect on plasma metabolites and may be the reason for the absence of a response in total adipocyte numbers due to FW. © 2012.

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