Tagging and mapping candidate loci for vernalization and flower initiation in hexaploid oat.

Nava, I.C., Wight, C.P., Pacheco, M.T., Federizzi, L.C., and Tinker, N.A. (2012). "Tagging and mapping candidate loci for vernalization and flower initiation in hexaploid oat.", Molecular Breeding, 30(3), pp. 1295-1312. doi : 10.1007/s11032-012-9715-x  Access to full text


Flowering time is a decisive factor in the adaptation of oat. Some oat varieties require low temperatures for floral initiation, a process called vernalization. The objectives of this study were to clone, characterize, and map genes associated with vernalization in oat, and to identify markers linked to quantitative trait loci (QTL) that affect vernalization response. Genetic linkage maps were developed using Diversity Arrays Technology markers in recombinant inbred lines from the oat populations UFRGS 8 9 UFRGS 930605 and UFRGS 881971 9 Pc68/5*Starter. Flowering time and response to vernalization were characterized using field trials and controlled greenhouse experiments, and QTL were identified in two genetic regions on each of the two maps. PCR primer pairs anchored in the conserved coding regions of the Vrn1, Vrn2, and Vrn3 genes from wheat, barley, and Lolium were used to amplify and clone corresponding oat sequences. Cloned sequences corresponding to the targeted genes were recovered for both Vrn1 and Vrn3. A copy of the Vrn3 gene was mapped using a PCR amplicon, and an oat Vrn1 fragment was mapped by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The location of the mapped Vrn1 locus was homologous to major QTL affecting flowering time in other work, and homoeologous to major QTL affecting response to vernalization in this study.

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