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Comparison of wheat- versus corn-based dried distillers' grains with solubles on meat quality of feedlot cattle

Aldai, N., Aalhus, J.L., Dugan, M.E.R., Robertson, W.M., McAllister, T.A., Walter, L.J., McKinnon, J.J. (2010). Comparison of wheat- versus corn-based dried distillers' grains with solubles on meat quality of feedlot cattle, 84(3), 569-577. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2009.10.014

Abstract

A considerable amount of information has been generated on the feeding value and impact of corn dried distillers' grains with solubles (DDGS) on meat quality, whereas little is known about the effects of wheat DDGS on meat quality, and no direct comparison of these two sources of DDGS has been completed. The current study was conducted to examine the objective and subjective carcass and meat quality traits of cattle fed diets containing corn or wheat (20% or 40%) DDGS (DM basis) as compared to a standard barley-based finishing diet (control). In general, meat obtained from animals fed the barley-based control diet was slightly darker in colour (lower chroma and hue at 24 h, P < 0.01) and less tender (highest proportion of tough shears at 2 d and lowest proportion of tender shears at 20 d). Meat from corn DDGS was rated as more tender and palatable than control samples (P < 0.05), and 20% corn samples were rated better for beef flavour intensity (P < 0.01) and desirability (P < 0.05) than 40% corn DDGS samples. In contrast, meat from steers fed wheat DDGS showed intermediate characteristics between steers fed control and corn DDGS diets. Hence, feeding wheat DDGS had no negative effects, and feeding corn DDGS had some positive effects on meat quality characteristics of beef. Crown Copyright © 2009.

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