Appendix A: Strategic Objectives and Areas of Focus

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Appendix A - Table 1a - Strategic Objectives and Areas of Focus
Strategic Objectives Cereals and Pulses Oilseeds Horticulture Forages and Beef
Increase agricultural productivity

Increase the genetic potential of cereal and pulse crops

Increase cereal and pulse crop ability to achieve genetic yield potentials

Increase the yield potential of oilseed crops and mitigate the impacts of abiotic stress factors, using genetic improvement, germplasm development, the creation of new breeding tools, and variety development

Decrease the yield gap for oilseed crops by supporting integrated oilseed production systems, involving agronomy, crop protection, biology and early-generation and variety testing for crop adaptation to regional conditions

Minimize losses due to existing and emerging biotic and abiotic stresses through integrated crop production and management systems, and the development of knowledge and predictive tools

Improve yield potential and tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses for some major horticultural crops through genetics and germplasm development

Forages
  • Germplasm and variety development in native and tame species for yield, persistence and nutritive value
  • Integrated forage crop management to optimize yield, persistence and nutritive value

Beef

  • Animal feed efficiency
  • Reduction in animal stress
  • Advanced technologies in animal breeding and production
Enhance environmental performance

Improve efficiency of nutrient utilization

Develop integrated crop management (ICM) practices to reduce the impact of insects, disease and weeds on cereal and pulse production systems

Enhance sustainable oilseed production practices

Improve nutrient and water use efficiency

Develop sustainability metrics for oilseed crop production

Improve efficiency of nutrient, water and energy utilization in horticultural practices

Reduce environmental impacts of horticulture crop production through practices such as integrated pest management and integrated crop production

Forages
  • Develop industry and market-driven sustainability metrics
  • Increase resource use efficiency
Beef
  • Develop market-driven sustainability metrics
  • Reduce environmental impact
Improve attributes for food and non-food uses Market-driven cereal and pulse genetics and production practices

Maximize the health potential of cereals
Respond to market demands and requirements for specific oilseed crop quality traits through genetic improvement, germplasm development, the creation of new breeding tools, variety development, and enhanced production methods Address market demand for consistent supply, composition and quality traits through crop management techniques

Improve crop attributes for some major horticultural crops through genetic advances and germplasm development
Forages
  • Identification and development of novel attributes of native and tame species
Beef
  • Improve key beef quality characteristics
  • Market-driven quality assessment technologies
  • Improve beef by-product utilization
  • Alternatives to antimicrobials
Address threats to the value chain

Improve safety of cereals by reducing the presence of mycotoxins

Mitigate emerging biotic threats to Canadian cereal and pulse production

Develop new knowledge and tools to mitigate factors that threaten oilseed value chains including new and emerging biotic stresses

Develop knowledge and predictive capacity to anticipate emerging biotic factors that threaten the horticulture value chain, and develop tools and practices to mitigate them

Develop the knowledge and tools necessary to meet the safety and marketability requirements for horticultural products, from production practices through post-harvest handling, storage and distribution.

Beef
  • Current and future beef value chain pathogens
Appendix A - Table 1b - Strategic Objectives and Areas of Focus
Strategic Objectives Dairy, Pork, Poultry and Other Livestock Agri-Food Bioproducts Biodiversity and Bioresource Agro-Ecosystem Productivity and Health
Increase agricultural productivity Increase the efficiency and productivity of dairy and pork production at the gene, animal and production system levels, to improve:
  • disease resistance
  • animal welfare of swine
  • sow and piglet productivity
  • lactation persistence of dairy cattle
  • input use efficiency for dairy and swine
Support the sector in developing cost-effective agri-food processes and new agri-food products

Enhance by-product utilization in the development of agri-food products
Increase biomass yield potential and improve feedstock availability through:
  • genomics
  • germplasm development
  • agronomic improvement
Enhance crop productivity and resiliency by providing genetic variability for genetic improvement

Identify species and enhance understanding of pests and beneficial organisms that impact productive capacity

Enhance understanding of the impact of environmental perturbations (for example, climate change) on biodiversity and its impact on productivity

Water - Improve land and crop management strategies and technologies in response to water stress

Climate and Air - Enhance production system performance to anticipated weather and climate impacts

Land and Soil - Enable informed land-use decisions based on land suitability; increase resource use efficiencies to reduce input costs to production

Biodiversity for Integrated Production Systems - Reduce impact of known pests through integrated crop and livestock management strategies

Enhance environmental performance Reduce the environmental impact of dairy and pork production at the animal level, to:
  • reduce greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient excretion in dairy cattle
  • reduce nutrient excretion and odours in swine
At the production system level, reduce greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions, and improve nutrient management and efficiency of natural resource use in dairy, swine, poultry and other livestock operations
Develop greener alternative agri-food processing and preservation techniques including approaches to improve resource management, reduce waste and losses due to spoilage during production, processing and distribution Improve sustainability of feedstock production and develop quantitative measures to support industry in the development of sustainability metrics

Characterize ecological and evolutionary processes relevant to agriculture that enhance environmental performance

Enhance understanding of the impact of environmental perturbations on organisms relevant to agriculture, to support development of mitigation strategies

Enhance understanding and utilization of crop and livestock genetic diversity to support sustainable production

Water - Maintain/enhance quality of surface water and groundwater

Climate and Air - Maintain/enhance air quality by reducing undesired inputs into the atmosphere

Land and Soil - Maintain and enhance soil productive capacity; improve nutrient management; capture resource synergies and efficiencies

Biodiversity for Integrated Production Systems - Maintain and/or enhance desired ecosystem functions that directly benefit agricultural production
Improve attributes for food and non-food uses Identify and develop value-added characteristics for pig carcass and meat quality to help improve pork quality attributes for food uses and ensure the preservation of quality throughout the value chain Generate new knowledge of attributes that differentiate Canadian agri-food products and ingredients while meeting quality and cost requirements

Identify Canadian crops, livestock and agri-food products with bioactive or functional properties of economic interest, along with their nutritional and physicochemical properties and/or bio-functional benefits
Identify components and properties in existing crops and livestock for value-added industrial applications, and develop new purpose-grown biomass crops

Increase biomass quality through:
  • genomics
  • germplasm development
  • agronomic improvement
Provide / utilize sources of genetic variability to improve the attributes of Canadian agricultural commodities, or to support new opportunities for food and non-food uses Provide the sector with quantitative scientific measures that can be used to support development of environmental goods and services and sustainability metrics to preserve market access / capture opportunities
Address threats to the value chain Improve the safety of the dairy and pork value chains
  • improve the health status of cows and pigs
  • increase the safety of milk
  • reduce antibiotic use
  • decrease risks from manure / slurry pathogens and other compounds

Improve gut health, reduce antibiotic use and develop alternatives to antibiotics in poultry production

Identify pathogens and other chemical and biochemical threats to the food supply and generate knowledge of their ecology across the food processing value chain

Develop novel approaches to reduce the incidence of microbiological, chemical and biochemical threats to the food processing supply chain

Mitigate emerging biotic and abiotic threats to bioproduct feedstock Provide information on the incidence and movement of new pests or invasive species that pose a risk to Canadian agriculture

Enhance knowledge of invasive species and pests to improve risk identification and support development of diagnostic tests

Mitigate impact of pests and invasive species on production by providing science to develop and implement risk reduction strategies

Provide authoritative science to support other government departments/agencies in meeting requirements of domestic legislation/regulations

Mitigate genetic erosion of production systems by enhancing and conserving crop and farm animal genetic diversity
Climate and Air - Improve ability to address extreme weather risks to production; provide information to assess the agricultural production situation and extreme weather patterns to support sector and Government of Canada decision-making

Biodiversity for Integrated Production Systems - Mitigate impacts from emerging pest threats; mitigate loss of habitat for beneficial organisms (for example, pollinators)

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