Frequently Asked Questions – Regulations

The Frequently Asked Questions below are meant to provide Canadians and businesses with basic information about all of the regulations that Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) administers directly.

Agricultural Marketing Programs Regulations

1. What is the purpose of the Agricultural Marketing Programs Regulations?
The Agricultural Marketing Programs Regulations under the Agricultural Marketing Programs Act (AMPA) provide additional details and guidance for the implementation of the Act.
2. What are the key elements of this regulation?
This regulation prescribes key elements and definitions underlying the Advance Payments Program (APP) such as state of the product, ownership and responsibilities for marketing an eligible agricultural product. It also includes provisions for the calculation of the administrator's liability, conditions for guarantee payments, limitation for payments without proof of sale, definition of an overpayment and security requirements.
3. How does this regulation affect Canadian businesses?
The regulation pertaining to AMPA complements the legislation in providing a framework for the delivery of the APP. The APP is a federal loan guarantee program that facilitates access to credit for producers. With the protection of a loan guarantee in place - through an agreement between the Administrator, the Lender and AAFC - administrators are able to make cash advances (maximum $400,000) to producers. The intended benefit of the APP is to facilitate access to cash advances to producers for their agricultural products, allowing them to meet their short-term financial obligations. This gives producers the flexibility to spread the marketing of their agricultural products throughout the production period when market conditions are better, thus helping the producers base their marketing decisions on market conditions rather than on their short-term cash flow needs.
4. What is the timeline for implementation?
This regulation came into force on June 23, 1999, and was last amended on November 27, 2006.
5. Where can I get more information?
Visit the Advance Payments Program for questions regarding regulations under the Agricultural Marketing Programs Regulations.

Livestock Pedigree Associations Winding-up Regulations

1. What is the purpose of the Livestock Pedigree Associations Winding-up Regulations?
The Livestock Pedigree Associations Winding-Up Regulations describe the process for the voluntary winding–up of the affairs of a livestock pedigree association incorporated under the Animal Pedigree Act.
2. What are the key elements of this regulation?
Key elements of this regulation include a description of the conditions under which and how the affairs of an association can be wound up, as well as the process for the disposition of assets.
3. How does this regulation affect Canadian businesses?
This regulation does not affect Canadian businesses.
4. What is the timeline for implementation?
The regulation came into force on March 19, 1980.
5. Where can I get more information?
Visit Animal Genetics for questions regarding regulations under the Animal Pedigree Act.

Canadian Agricultural Loans Regulations

1. What is the purpose of the Canadian Agricultural Loans Regulations?
The Canadian Agricultural Loans Regulations under the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act (CALA) outline the procedures to be followed and conditions to be met in granting and administering loans under the CALA as well as submission and substantiation of claims for loss.
2. What are the key elements of this regulation?
Key elements of this regulation include: purposes for the loan; conditions that must be met to obtain a guaranteed loan; interest rates; security requirements; process for loan registration; fees and charges; and procedure on default and for claims.
3. How does this regulation affect Canadian businesses?
The regulation pertaining to CALA complements the legislation in providing a framework for the delivery of the Act. CALA is a federal loan guarantee program designed to increase the availability of loans for the purpose of the establishment, improvement and development of farms and the processing, distribution or marketing the products of farming by agricultural co-operatives. Under the Act, the Minister is liable to pay to the lender 95% of a loss sustained on a CALA registered loan provided that the requirements of the Act and the regulations have been met.
4. What is the timeline for implementation?
This regulation came into force on May 30, 1999, and was last amended on February 28, 2014.
5. Where can I get more information?
Visit the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act program for questions regarding regulations under the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act. For additional information, visit Canadian Agricultural Loans Act program Frequently Asked Questions.

Farm Debt Mediation Regulations

1. What is the purpose of the Farm Debt Mediation Regulations?
The Farm Debt Mediation Regulations under the Farm Debt Mediation Act enable the Farm Debt Mediation Service.
2. What are the key elements of this regulation?
Key elements of this regulation include the requirements for the appointment of mediators, an overview of the composition of appeal boards, board member entitlements and chairperson responsibilities, and an overview of appeal procedures.
3. How does this regulation affect Canadian businesses?
The Farm Debt Mediation Service offers financial counselling and mediation services to farmers who are having difficulties meeting their financial obligations. It is a free and voluntary service for both producers and for creditor(s). The service helps bring producers and their creditor(s) together with a mediator in a neutral forum to reach a mutually acceptable solution.
4. What is the timeline for implementation?
This regulation came into force on April 1, 1998.
5. Where can I get more information?
Visit the Farm Debt Mediation Service for questions regarding regulations under the Farm Debt Mediation Regulations.

Farm Debt Secured Creditors Notice Regulations

1. What is the purpose of the Farm Debt Secured Creditors Notice Regulations?
The Farm Debt Secured Creditors Notice Regulations under the Farm Debt Mediation Act enable the Farm Debt Mediation Service.
2. What are the key elements of this regulation?
Key elements of this regulation include the requirements for a secured creditor to give notice to an individual farmer or one that is a partnership, corporation or cooperative association, and measures to be taken when the creditor is unable to contact the farmer to give notice.
3. How does this regulation affect Canadian businesses?
The Farm Debt Mediation Service offers financial counselling and mediation services to farmers who are having difficulties meeting their financial obligations. It is a free and voluntary service for both producers and for creditor(s). The service helps bring producers and their creditor(s) together with a mediator in a neutral forum to reach a mutually acceptable solution.
4. What is the timeline for implementation?
This regulation came into force on July 24, 1986.
5. Where can I get more information?
Visit the Farm Debt Mediation Service for questions regarding regulations under the Farm Debt Mediation Regulations.

Canada Production Insurance Regulations

1. What is the purpose of the Canada Production Insurance Regulations?
The Canada Production Insurance Regulations under the Farm Income Protection Act outline the parameters for production insurance agreements between the Government of Canada and the provinces to provide insurance protection and compensation for production and asset losses under the AgriInsurance Program.
2. What are the key elements of this regulation?
Key elements of this regulation include the general provisions for the AgriInsurance program, coverage levels, the determination of loss and conditions for payment by the Government of Canada.
3. How does this regulation affect Canadian businesses?
Programming enabled by this regulation helps farmers protect their income and provides insurance and compensation against production losses for specified perils (weather, pests, disease, wildlife).
4. What is the timeline for implementation?
This regulation came into force on March 22, 2005.
5. Where can I get more information?
Visit the AgriInsurance Program for questions regarding regulations under the Canada Production Insurance Regulations.

Wheat and Barley Research, Market Development and Technical Assistance Regulations

1. What is the purpose of the Wheat and Barley Research, Market Development and Technical Assistance Regulations?
The Wheat and Barley Research, Market Development and Technical Assistance Regulations allow for wheat and barley check-off deductions to be made on sales of wheat and barley delivered to licensed grain buyers who issue cash purchase tickets effective August 1, 2012.
2. What are the key elements of this regulation?
Key elements of this regulation include the amounts of the deduction for wheat and barley, the process for refunding the amount deducted, and annual reporting requirements.
3. How does this regulation affect Canadian businesses?
The deductions outlined in this regulation go to support research, market development and technical assistance programs in western Canada which foster innovation and support producer competitiveness.
4. What is the timeline for implementation?
This regulation came into force on August 1, 2012.
5. Where can I get more information?
Visit Check-off for Funding Wheat and Barley Research and Market Development for questions regarding regulations under the Wheat and Barley Research, Market Development and Technical Assistance Regulations.

Pari-Mutuel Betting Supervision Regulations

1. What is the purpose of the Pari-Mutuel Betting Supervision Regulations?
The Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, pursuant to section 204 of the Criminal Code, makes regulations respecting the supervision and operation of pari-mutuel betting in Canada on horse racing and the prohibition, restriction and regulation of the possession of drugs and equipment used in the administering of drugs at race courses in Canada.
2. What are the key elements of this regulation?
The Pari-Mutuel Betting Supervision Regulations are in place to protect the Canadian betting public. Key elements of the Regulations include:
  • the supervision and operation of pari-mutuel systems related to horse race meetings;
  • the types of bets permitted and the calculation and distribution of winning bets in respect of each dollar wagered; and
  • the testing of horses for prohibited drugs or medications when they compete in races on which pari-mutuel betting is conducted.
3. How does this regulation affect Canadian businesses?
Only Canadian businesses that are incorporated and conduct horse racing in the normal course of their business may seek approval to operate a pari-mutuel system of betting on horse racing. Failure to comply with the provisions of the Pari-Mutuel Betting Supervision Regulations is an indictable offense or an offense punishable upon summary conviction.
4. What is the timeline for implementation?
This regulation came into force on May 31, 1991. The Pari-Mutuel Betting Supervision Regulations were last amended on August 14, 2014.
5. Where can I get more information?
Visit the Canadian Pari-Mutuel Agency or send an email to cpmawebacpm@agr.gc.ca for inquiries pertaining to the Pari-Mutuel Betting Supervision Regulations.
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