Frequently Asked Questions
- 1. What is a "minor use" pesticide?
A "minor use" pesticide refers to the crop-protection treatments – fungicides, insecticides, and herbicides – usually used on low acreage, high-value crops, or where pest control is only needed on a small portion of the overall crop acreage. These pesticides are usually used in such small quantities that manufacturers find the sales potential is not sufficient for them to seek registration in Canada.
Crops grown in small areas include vegetables, fruits, specialty crops, herbs, and spices, as well as nursery and landscape plants and flowers. These are often high-value, and are sometimes called "minor crops" because they are grown on significantly smaller areas of land compared to the large acreages of crops like corn, soybeans and wheat.
- 2. What is the Minor Use Pesticide Program?
The Minor Use Pesticide Program is a joint initiative between AAFC and Health Canada to improve the availability of reduced-risk products to producers and improve the access to a broad range of minor use pesticides.
- 3. How is a pest defined?
A pest is any undesirable organism – insect, disease, or weed – that harms crops and depresses quality or yields.
- 4. What is the link with minor-use pesticide registrations and the Risk Reduction Program's strategies?
Commodity-based risk reduction strategies will suggest priorities for the registration of new pesticides, including reduced-risk products like biopesticides, for use on both minor and major crops.
- 5. How has this program benefited consumers?
This program has led to improved access by growers to newer, safer pesticides. Consumers have benefited from food that is produced in a more environmentally sustainable and cost-effective manner.
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